Basic Rules of Hurling
- A game of hurling is played by two teams. Each team is comprised of 15 players.
- The player breakdown is as follows:
- 1 Goalkeeper
- 6 Defensive Players
- 2 Mid-Field Players
- 6 Offensive Players
- Players pair up with their opposite marks.
- A game or match usually consists of two halves of 25-35 minutes.
- The sliothar (ball) cannot be picked up from the ground directly with the hand. The hurley must be used to roll, jab, lift or flick the sliothar into the hand.
- The sliothar can be caught while in the air or bouncing along the ground.
- The sliothar can be transferred to the hand at most twice. If the sliothar touches the ground, the count is reset.
- The sliothar can be hit with the hurley on the ground or in the air.
- The sliothar can also be kicked or handpassed, using one hand for the entire movement. The sliothar cannot be thrown.
- The sliothar can be kept in the hand for at most 4 consecutive steps or the length of time to take 4 steps.
- The sliothar can be balanced on the stick for an unlimited time.
- Touching the sliothar directly with a hand while it is on the ground.
- Overplaying the sliothar by catching it more than twice with the hand or running for more than four steps while in the hand.
- Physically challenging a player while the sliothar is not present (off the ball challenge) or by playing in an aggressive and illegial manner.
- A player may not grab or hold another player's hurley.
- Hurling is a physical game and a certain amount of contact is permitted, provided it is in attempting to gain possession of the sliothar.
- A fair shoulder charge is permitted.
- A point is scored when the sliothar is hit over the crossbar, which is above the goal keeper, and between the goal posts.
- A goal is scored when the sliothar is hit under the cross bar and into the goal between the goal posts. A goal is worth 3 points.
- Goals and points can be scored from play or from 'set pieces' such as a free or a side line cut.
- Picking up the sliothar via rolling the sliothar with the hurley into the hand (roll lift) or by using the hurley to scoop the sliothar into the hand (jab lift).
- Balancing and running with the sliothar on the hurley (solo run).
- Striking the sliothar with the hurley on the ground (ground pull or hurl) and by tossing the sliothar into the air and striking it.
- Striking the sliothar while moving on the ground or in the air (doubling on the sliothar).
- Free Taking: Picking the sliothar from the ground and striking it in one movement without handling the sliothar.
- Sideline cut: Chipping the sliothar from the ground when it goes over a sideline.
- Fielding the sliothar by catching it in the air.
- Blocking a shot is when a player uses his/her hurley to prevent another player from stricking the sliothar. This tackle must be done from in front of the stricker as they are tossing the sliothar into the air.
- 'Hooking' is a skill where a player uses his/her hurley to prevent another player from stricking the sliothar. This is done from behind the stricker and his/her hurley must be intercepted as the stricking motion is taking place.